Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A randomised controlled trial to enhance travel-related physical activity: A pilot study in patients with coronary heart disease
Authors: BATOOL, Tooba 
Smeets, Christophe
ADNAN, Muhammad 
ROSS, Veerle 
BRIJS, Kris 
WETS, Geert 
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Journal of Transport & Health, 25 (Art N° 101344)
Abstract: Introduction: Patients suffering from coronary heart disease (CHD) are frequently less active. Physical Activity (PA) could be increased through changes in routine travel behaviour. Achieving a certain PA amount is essential in the secondary prevention of CHD patients. Objective: This study combines objective monitoring together with an intervention using advanced Information, Communication and Technology means in a framework to improve travel-related PA. This paper aims to describe an integrated research framework and tests the effectiveness of a theory-based (Trans-theoretical Model, TTM) intervention. Methods: A pilot Randomised Controlled Trial (70:30) was conducted in Belgium. Participating patients attended a preparatory work session intended to get their demographic information, assess their Stage of Change, and learn using a smartphone app (developed to monitor travel behaviour). After the work session, patients in the experimental group were monitored for three weeks and then received a customized feedback report. After feedback, the patients were monitored for another three weeks; while patients in the control arm were continuously monitored for 6 weeks without an intermediate feedback report. At the end of the study period, both groups received their feedback report. Results: The data of 25 patients were used in the trial, of which 18 were in the experimental group. The outcome measure used was the Active Travel Score (ATS), i.e. the PA achieved by walking and cycling trips. A significant (p < 0.05) positive increase in ATS (X = 14.2, 95%, CIs = 2.1 26.4) was observed after the intervention. Multiple pairwise comparisons confirmed that the effect of the intervention lasted for a week, indicating an important short-term effect. Conclusion: Objective monitoring and TTM-based interventions can be useful to provide a low-cost solution to achieve an increase in PA in secondary prevention of cardiac patients. Although these results are promising, RCTs with larger sample sizes are required to confirm the current findings.
Keywords: Physical activity;Travel-related physical activity;Active transport modes;Travel behaviour
Document URI:
ISSN: 2214-1405
DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2022.101344
ISI #: WOS:000784291900002
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections:Research publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
3 MBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy
Show full item record


checked on Jan 28, 2023

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.