Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/2424
Title: Fully quantitative carbon-13 NMR characterization of resol phenolformaldehyde prepolymer resins
Authors: REGO, Robby 
ADRIAENSENS, Peter 
CARLEER, Robert 
GELAN, Jan 
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Source: POLYMER, 45(1). p. 33-38
Abstract: Different resol phenol -formaldehyde prepolymer resins have been synthesized with different Formaldehyde/Phenol (F/P) ratios or different catalysts and characterized by C-13 NMR spectroscopy in solution. A fast quantitative measuring protocol is proposed based on the use of chromium(III)acetylacetonate as a relaxation agent. APT (attached proton test) and DEPT (distortionless enhancement by polarisation transfer) spectra were acquired to enable proper resonance assignments, especially in the regions with severe signal overlap. Equations are presented in which the methylene bridges (MB), the methylol groups (MG) and the dimethylene ether bridges (DMEB) of resol resins are quantitatively taken into account. Important structural factors determined quantitatively for resol prepolymer resins are the F/P ratio after reaction, the degree of polymerization (n), the number average molecular weight (M-n) and the content of free ortho and para positions. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Notes: Limburgs Univ Ctr, Inst Mat Onderzoek, Div Chem, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.Gelan, JA, Limburgs Univ Ctr, Inst Mat Onderzoek, Div Chem, Univ Campus,Gebouw D, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.jan.gelan@luc.ac.be
Keywords: quantitative C-13 NMR spectroscopy; resol phenol-formaldehyde resin
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/2424
ISSN: 0032-3861
e-ISSN: 1873-2291
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2003.10.078
ISI #: 000187806500006
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2005
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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