Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/30151
Title: Effects of physical activity and air pollution on blood pressure
Authors: Avila-Palencia, Ione
LAEREMANS, Michelle 
Hoffmann, Barbara
Anaya-Boig, Esther
Carrasco-Turigas, Gloria
Cole-Hunter, Tom
de Nazelle, Audrey
DONS, Evi 
Gotschi, Thomas
INT PANIS, Luc 
Orjuela, Juan Pablo
Standaert, Arnout
Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Source: ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 173, p. 387-396
Abstract: Aim: To assess the main and interaction effects of black carbon and physical activity on arterial blood pressure in a healthy adult population from three European cities using objective personal measurements over short-term (hours and days) and long-term exposure. Methods: A panel study of 122 healthy adults was performed in three European cities (Antwerp, Barcelona, and London). In 3 seasons between March 2015 and March 2016, each participant wore sensors for one week to objectively measure their exposure to black carbon and monitor their physical activity continuously. Blood pressure was assessed three times during the week: at the beginning (day 0), in the middle (day 4), and at the end (day 7). Associations of black carbon and physical activity with blood pressure and their interactions were investigated with linear regression models and multiplicative interaction terms, adjusting for all the potential confounders. Results: In multiple exposure models, we did not see any effects of black carbon on blood pressure but did see effects on systolic blood pressure of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity effect that were statistically significant from 1 h to 8 h after exposure and for long-term exposure. For a 1METhour increase of moderate-tovigorous physical activity, the difference in the expected mean systolic blood pressure varied from - 1.46 mmHg (95%CI -2.11, - 0.80) for 1 h mean exposure, to - 0.29 mmHg (95%CI -0.55, -0.03) for 8 h mean exposure, and -0.05 mmHg (95%CI -0.09, -0.00) for long-term exposure. There were little to no interaction effects. Conclusions: Results from this study provide evidence that short-term and long-term exposure to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity is associated with a decrease in systolic blood pressure levels. We did not find evidence for a consistent main effect of black carbon on blood pressure, nor any interaction between black carbon and physical activity levels.
Notes: [Avila-Palencia, Ione; Carrasco-Turigas, Gloria; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.] ISGlobal, Doctor Aiguader 88, Barcelona 08003, Spain. [Avila-Palencia, Ione; Carrasco-Turigas, Gloria; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.] UPF, Barcelona, Spain. [Avila-Palencia, Ione; Carrasco-Turigas, Gloria; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.] CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain. [Laeremans, Michelle; Dons, Evi; Int Panis, Luc; Standaert, Arnout] Flemish Inst Technol Res VITO, Mol, Belgium. [Laeremans, Michelle; Dons, Evi; Int Panis, Luc] Hasselt Univ, Hasselt, Belgium. [Hoffmann, Barbara] Univ Dusseldorf, Med Fac, Ctr Hlth & Soc, Inst Occupat Social & Environm Med, Dusseldorf, Germany. [Anaya-Boig, Esther; de Nazelle, Audrey; Orjuela, Juan Pablo] Imperial Coll, CEP, London, England. [Cole-Hunter, Tom] Ctr Air Pollut Energy & Hlth Res CAR, Sydney, NSW, Australia. [Cole-Hunter, Tom] QUT, Sch Chem Phys & Mech Engn, Int Lab Air Qual & Hlth, Inst Hlth & Biomed Innovat,Fac Sci & Engn, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. [Gotschi, Thomas] Univ Zurich, Epidemiol Biostat & Prevent Inst, Zurich, Switzerland.
Keywords: Blood pressure;Physical activity;Black carbon;Seasons;Cities
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/30151
ISSN: 0013-9351
e-ISSN: 1096-0953
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.03.032
ISI #: 000469162200041
Rights: 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2020
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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