Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/12059
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dc.contributor.authorNijs, Jo-
dc.contributor.authorInghelbrecht, Els-
dc.contributor.authorDaenen, Liesbeth-
dc.contributor.authorHachimi-Idrissi, Said-
dc.contributor.authorHens, Luc-
dc.contributor.authorWILLEMS, Bert-
dc.contributor.authorRoussel, Nathalie-
dc.contributor.authorCras, Patrick-
dc.contributor.authorBernheim, Jan-
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-04T14:42:50Z-
dc.date.availableNO_RESTRICTION-
dc.date.available2011-08-04T14:42:50Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationCLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY, 30 (7). p. 927-935-
dc.identifier.issn0770-3198-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1942/12059-
dc.description.abstractTransition from acute whiplash injury to either recovery or chronicity and the development of chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) remains a challenging issue for researchers and clinicians. The roles of social support and personality traits in long-term functioning following whiplash have not been studied concomitantly. The present study aimed to examine whether social support and personality traits are related to long-term functioning following whiplash. One hundred forty-three subjects, who had experienced a whiplash injury in a traffic accident 10-26 months before the study took place, participated. The initial diagnoses were a 'sprain of the neck' (ICD-9 code 847.0); only the outcome of grades I-III acute WAD was studied. Long-term functioning was considered within the biopsychosocial model: it was expressed in terms of disability, functional status, quality of life and psychological well-being. Participants filled out a set of questionnaires to measure the long-term functioning parameters (i.e. the Neck Disability Index, Medical Outcome Study Short-Form General Health Survey, Anamnestic Comparative Self-Assessment measure of overall well-being and the Symptom Checklist-90) and potential determinants of long-term functioning (the Dutch Personality Questionnaire and the Social Support List). The results suggest that social support (especially the discrepancies dimension of social support) and personality traits (i.e. inadequacy, self-satisfaction and resentment) are related to long-term functioning following whiplash injury (Spearman rho varied between 0.32 and 0.57; p < 0.01). Within the discrepancy dimension, everyday emotional support, emotional support during problems, appreciative support and informative support were identified as important correlates of long-term functioning. Future prospective studies are required to confirm the role of social support and personality traits in relation to long-term functioning following whiplash. For such studies, a broad view of long-term functioning within the biopsychological model should be applied.-
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study was funded by the Flemish Government (Steunpunt Verkeersveiligheid project number 1.4). Liesbeth Daenen is a research fellow of the University of Antwerp, Belgium. We also like to thank all the participants for providing the data.-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherSPRINGER LONDON LTD-
dc.subject.otherBiopsychosocial; Chronic pain; Personality; Quality of life; Recovery; Social support; Whiplash-
dc.titleLong-term functioning following whiplash injury: the role of social support and personality traits-
dc.typeJournal Contribution-
dc.identifier.epage935-
dc.identifier.issue7-
dc.identifier.spage927-
dc.identifier.volume30-
local.format.pages9-
local.bibliographicCitation.jcatA1-
dc.description.notes[Nijs, J; Daenen, L] Vrije Univ Brussel, Fac Phys Educ & Physiotherapy, Dept Human Physiol, BE-1050 Brussels, Belgium [Nijs, J; Daenen, L; Roussel, N] Artesis Univ Coll, Dept Hlth Care Sci, Div Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Antwerp, Belgium [Nijs, J] Univ Hosp Brussels UZ Brussel, Dept Phys Med & Physiotherapy, Brussels, Belgium [Inghelbrecht, E; Hens, L; Bernheim, J] Vrije Univ Brussel, Fac Med & Pharm, Dept Human Ecol, BE-1050 Brussels, Belgium [Daenen, L; Cras, P] Univ Antwerp, Fac Med, Dept Neurol, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium [Hachimi-Idrissi, S] Vrije Univ Brussel, Dept Crit Care Med, Res Grp, BE-1050 Brussels, Belgium [Hachimi-Idrissi, S] Vrije Univ Brussel, Dept Cerebral Resuscitat, Res Grp, BE-1050 Brussels, Belgium [Willems, B] Prov Hogesch Limburg, Hasselt, Belgium Jo.Nijs@vub.ac.be-
local.type.refereedRefereed-
local.type.specifiedArticle-
dc.bibliographicCitation.oldjcatA1-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10067-011-1712-7-
dc.identifier.isi000292042600007-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.accessRightsRestricted Access-
item.contributorInghelbrecht, Els-
item.contributorWILLEMS, Bert-
item.contributorRoussel, Nathalie-
item.contributorHens, Luc-
item.contributorHachimi-Idrissi, Said-
item.contributorDaenen, Liesbeth-
item.contributorNijs, Jo-
item.contributorBernheim, Jan-
item.contributorCras, Patrick-
item.fullcitationNijs, Jo; Inghelbrecht, Els; Daenen, Liesbeth; Hachimi-Idrissi, Said; Hens, Luc; WILLEMS, Bert; Roussel, Nathalie; Cras, Patrick & Bernheim, Jan (2011) Long-term functioning following whiplash injury: the role of social support and personality traits. In: CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY, 30 (7). p. 927-935.-
crisitem.journal.issn0770-3198-
crisitem.journal.eissn1434-9949-
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