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Title: No exercise-induced increase in serum BDNF after cycling near a major traffic road
Authors: Bos, I.
Jacobs, L.
de Geus, B.
Torfs, R.
Degraeuwe, B.
Meeusen, R.
Issue Date: 2011
Source: NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, 500(2). p. 129-132
Abstract: Commuting by bike has a clear health enhancing effect. Moreover, regular exercise is known to improve brain plasticity, which results in enhanced cognition and memory performance. Animal research has clearly shown that exercise upregulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF - a neurotrophine) enhancing brain plasticity. Studies in humans found an increase in serum BDNF concentration in response to an acute exercise bout. Recently, more evidence is emerging suggesting that exposure to air pollution (such as particulate matter (PM)) is higher in commuter cyclists compared to car drivers. Furthermore, exposure to PM is linked to negative neurological effects, such as neuroinflammation and cognitive decline. We carried-out a cross-over experiment to examine the acute effect of exercise on serum BDNF, and the potential effect-modification by exposure to traffic-related air pollution. Thirty eight physically fit, non-asthmatic volunteers (mean age: 43, 26% women) performed two cycling trials, one near a major traffic road (Antwerp Ring, R1 up to 260,000 vehicles per day) and one in an air-filtered room. The air-filtered room was created by reducing fine particles as well as ultrafine particles (UFP). PM10, PM2.5 and UFP were measured. The duration (similar to 20 min) and intensity of cycling were kept the same for each volunteer for both cycling trials. Serum BDNF concentrations were measured before and 30 min after each cycling trial. Average concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 were 64.9 mu g/m(3) and 24.6 mu g/m(3) in cycling near a major ring way, in contrast to 7.7 mu g/m(3) and 2.0 mu g/m(3) in the air-filtered room. Average concentrations of UFP were 28,180 particles/cm(3) along the road in contrast to 496 particles/cm(3) in the air-filtered room. As expected, exercise significantly increased serum BDNF concentration after cycling in the air-filtered room (+14.4%; p=0.02). In contrast, serum BDNF concentrations did not increase after cycling near the major traffic route (+0.5%; p = 0.42). Although active commuting is considered to be beneficial for health, this health enhancing effect could be negatively influenced by exercising in an environment with high concentrations of PM. Whether this effect is also present with chronic exercise and chronic exposure must be further elucidated. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Meeusen, R] Vrije Univ Brussel, Dept Human Physiol & Sports Med, Fac Phys Educ & Physiotherapy, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium [Bos, I; Torfs, R; Degraeuwe, B] Flemish Inst Technol Res VITO, Mol, Belgium [Jacobs, L; Nawrot, TS] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Unit Lung Toxicol, Sch Publ Hlth Occupat & Environm Med, Louvain, Belgium [Nawrot, TS] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Studies, Diepenbeek, Belgium [Panis, LI] Hasselt Univ, Transportat Res Inst IMOB, Diepenbeek, Belgium
Keywords: Commuting; Acute exercise; Traffic; Air pollution; Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; Particulate matter
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ISSN: 0304-3940
e-ISSN: 1872-7972
DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2011.06.019
ISI #: 000293930700010
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2012
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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