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Title: Stang's Law and the Indo-European word for "cow"
Authors: De Decker, Filip 
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: The present article investigates the etymology of the Indo-European word for "cow" and looks at two types of reconstruction, with and without laryngeal: *gwous and *gweh3us (suggested by Kuryłowicz in 1927) or *gwh3eus (as already suggested by de Saussure in 1878). By assessing the instances where Stang's Law operated and failed to operate, we find that the correct reconstruction is *gwous. The accusative singular of the word "cow" in Doric and Homeric Greek, Sanskrit, Sabellic and the Greek hekatombe are additional evidence in favour of this reconstruction. The article also looks at two possible arguments against that reconstruction (the short vowel a in the oblique cases and the disyllabic scansion of the first syllable in Vedic poetry): an ablaut type *nokwts, *nekwts can account for the short a in the Indo-Iranian weak cases, and the absence of a disyllabic scansion in Avestan proves that the Vedic metre is the fruit of a poetic licence. Consequently, we see no reason why *gwous could not be kept.*
Keywords: laryngeals; gwous; Greek; bous; Indo-European; declensions; Stang's Law; Kortlandt Nassivera; analogical reformations in Greek; Jochem Schindler; Manfred Mayrhofer; Christian Stang; Sanskrit; Vedic; Avestan; Latin; Italic bum
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ISSN: 0019-7262
e-ISSN: 1613-0405
ISI #: 000301989700004
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2013
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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