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Title: Effect of adenotonsillectomy on the use of respiratory medication
Authors: Piessens, P.
Hens, G.
Lemkens, N.
Schrooten, W. 
Debruyne, F.
Lemkens, P. 
Issue Date: 2012
Source: International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology. 76 (6), p. 906-910.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Recurrent tonsillitis and upper respiratory tract obstruction due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy are the most common indications for (adeno)tonsillectomy ((A)TE). Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection and obstruction can, however, be attributed to lower airway pathology and thus treated with respiratory medication - this is non-antimicrobial medication used for lower respiratory diseases like bronchitis, bronchiolitis, asthma and episodic wheezing. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the current (A)TE practice in Belgium on the use of respiratory medication in subjects aged 0-15. METHODS: Retrospective data on 11.114 subjects aged 0-15years old who underwent (A)TE from January 1st 2002 until Sept 30th 2003 were retrieved from the database of the Christelijke Mutualiteit, the largest mutual health insurance society in Belgium. We compared the use of respiratory medication 12months before and 12months after (A)TE. RESULTS: Out of 11.114 subjects, 4.654 received at least one prescription for respiratory medication in the year before and/or after (A)TE. In this subgroup, the median respiratory medication use reduced with 32% in the year after surgery. CONCLUSION: Compared with the year before surgery, the median use of respiratory medication in subjects aged 0-15 drastically reduces in the year after (A)TE. A possible reason for this reduction is that children with upper airway obstruction and infections are often wrongly diagnosed as having lower airway problems.
Keywords: adenotonsillectomy; tonsillectomy; indications; respiratory medication
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ISSN: 0165-5876
e-ISSN: 1872-8464
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.02.069
ISI #: 000305367300029
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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