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dc.contributor.authorVAN ZWIETEN, Koos Jaap-
dc.contributor.authorSCHMIDT, Klaus-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Sound and Vibration Digest, 13 (4), p. 10-11-
dc.description.abstractThe so-called singer’s formant is a merge between at least two formants, possibly F3 and F4. We reconstructed some functional-anatomical phenomena in pronouncing the vowel /i/, by means of a crossed four-bar-linkage model simulating jaw motion in a sagittal plane. During uttering the high front vowel /i/ in “Heed”, the tongue’s dorsum is lifted, so as to narrow the linguo-palatal port, while the velo-pharyngeal port simultaneously closes. Although Sundberg et al. (2007) presume individual preference in the amount of this velo-pharyngeal closing during the production of a singer’s formant, we rather interpret this as a tautening of the palatine aponeurosis by bilateral activity of the tensor veli palatini muscle, neuromotorically associated with a slight elevation of the mandible by bilateral activity of a.o. the medial pterygoid muscle.-
dc.description.sponsorshipEndorsed by the City of Tongeren, Belgium.-
dc.rightsINTERNATIONAL SOUND AND VIBRATION DIGEST (ISVD) Published by THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION (IIAV) Volume 13, Number 4, Date: 22 August 2012 Editor-in-Chief: Malcolm J. Crocker, Auburn University, USA Managing Editor: Margarita Maksotskaya, Auburn University, USA-
dc.subject.otherSinger's Formant; High Front Vowels; Functional Anatomy; Kinematical Analysis; Neuromotor Aspects; Classical Singing; Scientific Basis.-
dc.titleProducing a Singer’s Formant at High Front Vowels - Some Kinematical and Anatomical Aspects-
dc.typeJournal Contribution-
dc.description.notesIn cooperation with Chamber Choir De Kleine Cantorij NPO, Tongeren, Belgium.-
dc.relation.references1. Sterling R. (2006) FORMANTS. available at: FORMANTS._english_version.pdf (created 30 May 2006). 2. Radolf V., Nissinen A., Laukkanen A. M., Havlík R., Horáček, J. (2012) Computer simulation of musical singer’s voice based on MRI and acoustic measurements. 18th International Conference Engineering Mechanics, Svratka, Czech Republic, May 14-17, 2012. Paper 184, 266-267. 3. Millhouse T. J., Clermont F. (2006) Perceptual characterisation of the singer’s formant region: a preliminary study. Proceedings of the 11th Australian International Conference on Speech Science & Technology. Paul Warren and Catherine I. Watson, Eds. ISBN 0 9581946 2 9 University of Auckland, New Zealand. December 6-8, 2006. © Australian Speech Science & Technology Association Inc., 253-258. 4. Van Zwieten K. J., Hauglustaine S., Curvers L., Lippens P. L., Sholukha V. A., Ivanov A. A. (2001) Jaw opening and closing movements, comparative anatomical and biomechanical aspects. European Journal of Morphology, 39, 4, 246. 5. Ladefoged P. (1993) A course in phonetics, 3rd Ed. Chapter 1. Articulatory phonetics : The articulation of vowel sounds. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, Fort Worth Philadelphia San Diego New York Orlando Austin San Antonio Toronto Montreal London Sydney Tokyo. 6. Soquet A., Lecuit V., Metens T., Demolin D. (2002) Mid-sagittal cut to area function transformations: Direct measurements of mid-sagittal distance and area with MRI. Speech Communication, 36, 169-180. 7. Sundberg J., Birch P., Gümoes B., Stavad H., Prytz S., Karle A. (2007) Experimental findings on the nasal tract resonator in singing. Journal of Voice, 21, 2, 127-137.-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.accessRightsOpen Access-
item.contributorVAN ZWIETEN, Koos Jaap-
item.contributorSCHMIDT, Klaus-
item.fullcitationVAN ZWIETEN, Koos Jaap & SCHMIDT, Klaus (2012) Producing a Singer’s Formant at High Front Vowels - Some Kinematical and Anatomical Aspects. In: International Sound and Vibration Digest, 13 (4), p. 10-11.-
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