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Title: Tonsillectomy compared to acute tonsillitis in children: a comparison study of societal costs
Authors: Leupe, P.
Hox, V.
Debruyne, F.
CLAES, Neree 
Lemkens, N.
Lemkens, P.
Issue Date: 2012
Source: B-ENT, 8 (2), p. 103-111
Abstract: Tonsillectomy compared to acute tonsillitis in children: a comparison study of societal cost. Introduction and aim: Tonsillectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in children; its main indications are recurrent episodes of acute tonsillitis and adenotonsillar hypertrophy. The effectiveness of tonsillectomy for severe recurrent tonsillitis is generally accepted; however its socio-economic cost is less well investigated. This study aims to determine and compare the societal cost of a tonsillectomy and a severe throat infection. Materials and methods: The costs for both tonsillectomy and severe throat infection were evaluated. Costs of the surgical procedure and hospital stay were calculated based on resource use and personnel input at the participating hospital. The cost of work-related disability for both treatments was measured based on a questionnaire filled in by 275 parents of children undergoing a tonsillectomy. Data from two Belgian institutions (NIS and FOD) were used to calculate the cost of parents' absenteeism. Results: An episode of acute tonsillitis in the child results in a longer period of parents' work absenteeism (mean of 3.1 +/- 0.3 days) compared to tonsillectomy (2.2 +/- 0.2 days). The cost of economic productivity loss amounts to (sic) 613 (NIS) or (sic) 759 (FOD) for acute tonsillitis and (sic) 435 (NIS) or (sic) 539 (POD) for a tonsillectomy. The medical costs linked to the surgical procedure at the local department correspond to (sic) 535 and for an acute tonsillitis to (sic) 46. Conclusions: From societal perspective, a tonsillectomy costs the equivalent of 1.4 times the cost of a severe throat infection. This indicates that in children suffering from recurrent acute tonsillitis, watchful waiting results in a higher cost compared to tonsillectomy, given the cumulative costs of parents' absenteeism.
Notes: [Leupe, P.; Schrooten, W.; Lemkens, N.; Lemkens, P.] Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Dept Otorhinolaryngol Head & Neck Surg, Genk, Belgium. [Hox, V.; Debruyne, F.] Univ Hosp Leuven, Dept Otorhinolaryngol Head & Neck Surg, Louvain, Belgium. [Claes, N.] Univ Hasselt, Fac Med, Hasselt, Belgium.
Keywords: Tonsillectomy; tonsillitis; cost of illness; health care costs; costs and cost analysis;Otorhinolaryngology
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ISSN: 0001-6497
ISI #: 000306620100005
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2013
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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