Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/14484
Title: Occupational Exposure to Petroleum Products and Respiratory Health A Cross-Sectional Study From Algeria
Authors: Sekkal, Samira
Haddam, Nahida
Scheers, Hans
Poels, Katrien L.
Bouhacina, Linda
NAWROT, Tim 
Veulemans, Hendrik A.
Taleb, Abdesselam
Nemery, Benoit
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Source: JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 54 (11), p. 1382-1388
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the possible impact of long-term occupational exposure to hydrocarbons on respiratory health. Methods: Respiratory health was assessed by questionnaires, spirometry, and exhaled nitric oxide in 250 male workers from a company handling and distributing refined petroleum products (exposed) and 250 electricians (controls). Exposure to hydrocarbons was assessed by personal air monitoring. Results: Aerial exposure to hydrocarbons was low. Respiratory and nasal symptoms were significantly more frequent among exposed subjects than among controls. Although forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 second did not differ, ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity and maximal expiratory flows were significantly lower in exposed than in control subjects, adjusting for smoking. Exhaled nitric oxide was significantly higher among exposed subjects (30.1 ppb) than among controls (21.6 ppb), adjusting for age and smoking. Conclusions: Even low exposure to petroleum-derived hydrocarbons is associated with more respiratory and nasal symptoms, lower pulmonary function, and airway inflammation.
Notes: Nemery, B (reprint author)[Scheers, Hans; Nawrot, Tim S.; Nemery, Benoit] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Publ Hlth, Div Occupat Environm & Insurance Med, Res Unit Lung Toxicol, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium. [Poels, Katrien L.; Veulemans, Hendrik A.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Publ Hlth, Div Occupat Environm & Insurance Med, Lab Occupat Hyg & Toxicol, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium. [Sekkal, Samira; Haddam, Nahida; Bouhacina, Linda; Taleb, Abdesselam] Univ Abou Bekr, Fac Med, Lab Med Toxicol Toximed, Tilimsen, Algeria. [Nawrot, Tim S.] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Diepenbeek, Belgium. ben.nemery@med.kuleuven.be
Keywords: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; exhaled nitric-oxide; volatile organic-compounds; lung-function; airway inflammation; symptoms; standardization; neurotoxicity; population; benzene; smoking
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/14484
ISSN: 1076-2752
e-ISSN: 1536-5948
DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31825fa6c9
ISI #: 000310915900011
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2013
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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