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Title: Plant-associated bacteria and their role in the success or failure of metal phytoextraction projects: first observations of a field-related experiment
Authors: Weyens, Nele 
Beckers, Bram 
Schellingen, Kerim 
Ceulemans, Reinhart
CROES, Sarah 
Janssen, Jolien 
HAESEN, Stefan 
Witters, Nele 
Vangronsveld, Jaco 
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Microbial Biotechnology, 6 (3), p. 288-299
Abstract: Phytoextraction has been reported as an economically and ecologically sound alternative for the remediation of metal-contaminated soils. Willow is a metal phytoextractor of interest because it allows to combine a gradual contaminant removal with production of biomass that can be valorized in different ways. In this work two willow clones growing on a metal-contaminated site were selected: ‘Belgisch Rood’ (BR) with a moderate metal extraction capacity and ‘Tora’ (TO) with a twice as high metal accumulation. All cultivable bacteria associated with both willow clones were isolated and identified using 16SrDNA ARDRA analysis followed by 16SrDNA sequencing. Further all isolated bacteria were investigated for characteristics that might promote plant growth (production of siderophores, organic acids and indol acetic acid) and for their metal resistance. The genotypic and phenotypic characterization of the isolated bacteria showed that the TO endophytic bacterial population is more diverse and contains a higher percentage of metal-resistant plant growth promoting bacteria than the endophytic population associated with BR. We hypothesize that the difference in the metal accumulation capacity between BR and TO clones might be at least partly related to differences in characteristics of their associated bacterial population.
Notes: Reprint Address: Weyens, N (reprint author) - Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Agoralaan Bldg D, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. E-mail
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ISSN: 1751-7907
DOI: 10.1111/1751-7915.12038
ISI #: 000320186500009
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2014
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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