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Title: Risk factors related to cardiovascular diseases and the metabolic syndrome in multiple sclerosis - a systematic review
Authors: WENS, Inez 
Dalgas, Ulrik
Stenager, Egon
Issue Date: 2013
Source: MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL, 19 (12), p. 1556-1564
Abstract: Despite many epidemiological studies examining comorbidity in people with multiple sclerosis (pMS), there are conflicting opinions on whether pMS are at more or less risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the metabolic syndrome compared with the general population. As pMS can now expect longer survival, this as an important question both at an individual and public health level. This study aimed to systematically review the literature linking MS to CVD risks and to the risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome. This systematic review is based on a comprehensive literature search of six databases (Swemed+, Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, PEDro and CINAHL). In total 34 studies were identified. Despite the high number of identified papers, only limited and inconsistent data exist on the risk factors of the metabolic syndrome and MS. Overall, the data suggest an increased CVD risk in pMS. From the existing studies it is not clear whether the increased risk of CVD is related to an increased risk of obesity or changes in body composition, hypertension, dyslipidemia or type II diabetes in pMS, indicating the need for future research in the field, if we are to advise pMS adequately in avoiding preventable comorbidity.
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ISSN: 1352-4585
e-ISSN: 1477-0970
DOI: 10.1177/1352458513504252
ISI #: 000325696100002
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2014
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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