Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/16194
Title: Trace metal concentrations measured in blood and urine of adolescents in Flanders, Belgium: Reference population and case studies Genk-Zuid and Menen
Authors: Vrijens, J.
Leermakers, M
Stalpaert, M
Schoeters, G
Den Hond, E
BRUCKERS, Liesbeth 
Colles, A
Nelen, V
Van den Mierop, E
Van Larebeke, N
Loots, I
Baeyens, W.
Issue Date: 2014
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYGIENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 217 (4-5), p. 515-527
Abstract: In the Flemish human biomonitoring programme FLEHS II (2007-2011) trace metals (Cd, Pb, Cr, Ni, Cu, Mn, Tl, Sb, As and toxic relevant arsenic) were analysed in the blood and urine of adolescents (14-15 years old) in the reference population in Flanders and in areas of important industrial activities: Genk-Zuid and Menen. After adjustment of the results for confounding factors, the adolescents living in Genk-Zuid had higher levels of Cr, Cu and Tl in blood, higher levels of Cd and toxic relevant arsenic (TRA) in urine, but lower levels of Ni in blood and Sb in urine compared to the reference population. In Menen higher levels of Cd and Cu in urine, higher concentrations of Tl in blood but lower concentrations of Pb in blood and lower Ni, Sb and As in urine were found compared to the reference population. For both the reference population and the hot spots the concentrations are within the ranges found in other countries. Compared to the previous biomonitoring programme FLEHS I (2002-2006) a decrease in the concentrations of Cd and especially of Pb in blood was observed. However, it cannot be excluded that differences between the two campaigns are partially due to different sampling strategies.
Notes: Vrijens, J (reprint author), Vrije Univ Brussel, Dept Analyt & Environm Chem ANCH, Brussels, Belgium, jvrijens@vub.ac.be
Keywords: FLEHS; Genk-Zuid; Human biomonitoring; Menen; Reference values; Trace elements
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/16194
ISSN: 1438-4639
e-ISSN: 1618-131X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.10.001
ISI #: 000335113500012
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2015
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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