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Title: Selecting chemical and ecotoxicological test batteries for risk assessment of trace element-contaminated soils (phyto)managed by gentle remediation options (GRO)
Authors: Kumpiene, Jurate
Bert, Valerie
Dimitriou, Ioannis
Eriksson, Jan
Friesl-Hanl, Wolfgang
Galazka, Rafal
Herzig, Rolf
JANSSEN, Jolien 
Kidd, Petra
Mench, Michel
Müller, Ingo
Neu, Silke
Oustriere, Nadege
Puschenreiter, Markus
Renella, Giancarlo
Roumier, Pierre-Herve
Siebielec, Grzegorz
Manier, Nicolas
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: During the past decades a number of field trials with gentle remediation options (GRO) have been established on trace element (TE) contaminated sites throughout Europe. Each research group selects different methods to assess the remediation success making it difficult to compare efficacy between various sites and treatments. This study aimed at selecting a minimum risk assessment battery combining chemical and ecotoxicological assays for assessing and comparing the effectiveness of GRO implemented in seven European case studies. Two test batteries were pre-selected; a chemical one for quantifying TE exposure in untreated soils and GRO-managed soils and a biological one for characterizing soil functionality and ecotoxicity. Soil samples from field studies representing one of the main GROs (phytoextraction in Belgium, Sweden, Germany and Switzerland, aided phytoextraction in France, and aided phytostabilization or in situ stabilization/phytoexclusion in Poland, France and Austria) were collected and assessed using the selected test batteries. The best correlations were obtained between NH4NO3-extractable, followed by NaNO3-extractable TE and the ecotoxicological responses. Biometrical parameters and biomarkers of dwarf beans were the most responsive indicators for the soil treatments and changes in soil TE exposures. Plant growth was inhibited at the higher extractable TE concentrations, while plant stress enzyme activities increased with the higher TE extractability. Based on these results, a minimum risk assessment battery to compare/biomonitor the sites phytomanaged by GROs might consist of the NH4NO3 extraction and the bean Plantox test including the stress enzyme activities. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Kumpiene, Jurate] Lulea Univ Technol, SE-97187 Lulea, Sweden. [Bert, Valerie; Manier, Nicolas] INERIS, F-60550 Verneuil En Halatte, France. [Dimitriou, Ioannis] Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Crop Prod Ecol, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden. [Eriksson, Jan] Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Soil & Environm, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden. [Friesl-Hanl, Wolfgang] AIT Austrian Inst Technol GmbH, Hlth & Environm Dept, A-3430 Tulln, Austria. [Galazka, Rafal; Siebielec, Grzegorz] State Res Inst, Inst Soil Sci & Plant Cultivat, PL-24100 Pulawy, Poland. [Herzig, Rolf] Phytotech Fdn & AGB, CH-3013 Bern, Switzerland. [Janssen, Jolien; Vangronsveld, Jaco] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Kidd, Petra] CSIC, IIAG, Santiago De Compostela 15706, Spain. [Mench, Michel; Oustriere, Nadege; Roumier, Pierre-Herve] INRA, BIOGECO UMR1202, F-33610 Cestas, France. [Mench, Michel; Oustriere, Nadege; Roumier, Pierre-Herve] Univ Bordeaux 1, BIOGECO, UMR 1202, F-33600 Pessac, France. [Mueller, Ingo; Neu, Silke] Saxon State Off Environm Agr & Geol, D-01326 Dresden Pillnitz, Germany. [Puschenreiter, Markus] Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna BOKU, Dept Forest & Soil Sci, A-3430 Tulln, Austria. [Renella, Giancarlo] Univ Florence, Dept Agrifood Prod & Environm Sci, I-50144 Florence, Italy.
Keywords: Ecotoxicity; Metal; Nematode; Plant; Single extraction; Worm avoidance;ecotoxicity; metal; nematode; plant; single extraction; worm avoidance
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ISSN: 0048-9697
e-ISSN: 1879-1026
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.130
ISI #: 000342245600057
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2015
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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