Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18089
Title: Azithromycin and the Treatment of Lymphocytic Airway Inflammation After Lung Transplantation
Authors: VOS, Robin 
Verleden, S. E.
Ruttens, D.
Vandermeulen, E.
Bellon, H.
Neyrinck, A.
Van Raemdonck, D. E.
Yserbyt, J.
Dupont, L. J.
Verbeken, E. K.
Moelants, E.
Mortier, A.
Proost, P.
Schols, D.
COX, Bianca 
Verleden, G. M.
Vanaudenaerde, B. M.
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPLANTATION, 14 (12), p. 2736-2748
Abstract: Lymphocytic airway inflammation is a major risk factor for chronic lung allograft dysfunction, for which there is no established treatment. We investigated whether azithromycin could control lymphocytic airway inflammation and improve allograft function. Fifteen lung transplant recipients demonstrating acute allograft dysfunction due to isolated lymphocytic airway inflammation were prospectively treated with azithromycin for at least 6 months (NCT01109160). Spirometry (FVC, FEV1, FEF25-75, Tiffeneau index) and FeNO were assessed before and up to 12 months after initiation of azithromycin. Radiologic features, local inflammation assessed on airway biopsy (rejection score, IL-17(+)cells/mm(2) lamina propria) and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (total and differential cell counts, chemokine and cytokine levels); as well as systemic C-reactive protein levels were compared between baseline and after 3 months of treatment. Airflow improved and FeNO decreased to baseline levels after 1 month of azithromycin and were sustained thereafter. After 3 months of treatment, radiologic abnormalities, submucosal cellular inflammation, lavage protein levels of IL-1, IL-8/CXCL-8, IP-10/CXCL-10, RANTES/CCL5, MIP1-/CCL3, MIP-1/CCL4, Eotaxin, PDGF-BB, total cell count, neutrophils and eosinophils, as well as plasma C-reactive protein levels all significantly decreased compared to baseline (p<0.05). Administration of azithromycin was associated with suppression of posttransplant lymphocytic airway inflammation and clinical improvement in lung allograft function. This prospective, interventional, open-label study demonstrates that treatment with azithromycin is effective in controlling posttransplant lymphocytic airway inflammation as it attenuates underlying IL-17(+) T cell-mediated airway inflammation, ameliorates lung allograft function, and improves associated radiologic abnormalities. See editorial by Glanville on page.
Notes: [Vos, R.; Verleden, S. E.; Ruttens, D.; Vandermeulen, E.; Bellon, H.; Verleden, G. M.; Vanaudenaerde, B. M.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Lab Pneumol, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Leuven, Belgium. [Vos, R.; Verleden, S. E.; Ruttens, D.; Vandermeulen, E.; Bellon, H.; Neyrinck, A.; Van Raemdonck, D. E.; Yserbyt, J.; Dupont, L. J.; Verbeken, E. K.; Moelants, E.; Mortier, A.; Proost, P.; Verleden, G. M.; Vanaudenaerde, B. M.] Univ Hosp Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium. [Vos, R.; Verleden, S. E.; Ruttens, D.; Vandermeulen, E.; Bellon, H.; Neyrinck, A.; Van Raemdonck, D. E.; Yserbyt, J.; Dupont, L. J.; Verleden, G. M.; Vanaudenaerde, B. M.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Lung Transplant Unit, Leuven, Belgium. [Neyrinck, A.; Van Raemdonck, D. E.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Lab Expt Thorac Surg, Leuven, Belgium. [Verbeken, E. K.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Histopathol, Leuven, Belgium. [Moelants, E.; Mortier, A.; Proost, P.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Rega Inst Med Res, Lab Mol Immunol, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Leuven, Belgium. [Schols, D.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Rega Inst Med Res, Lab Virol & Chemotherapy, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Leuven, Belgium. [Cox, B.] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Diepenbeek, Belgium.
Keywords: Clinical research; practice; translational research; science; lung transplantation; pulmonology; immunobiology; lung (allograft) function; dysfunction; rejection; acute; immunosuppressant; other; immune regulation; bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18089
ISSN: 1600-6135
e-ISSN: 1600-6143
DOI: 10.1111/ajt.12942
ISI #: 000345294300011
Rights: © Copyright 2014 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2015
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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