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Title: Perceived health status associated with transport choice for short distance trips
Authors: Scheepers, C.
Wendel-Vos, G.
van Wesemael, P.
den Hertog, F.
Stipdonk, H.
van Kempen, E.
Schuit, A.
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Background: This study examines the association between active transport and perceived general health, perceived psychological wellbeing and a healthy body weight in the Netherlands. Methods: Data were collected by an online questionnaire (N=3,663) in the Netherlands. Data collection was conducted over a period of one calendar year starting July 2012. Logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between choice of transport mode (bicycling vs car use and walking vs car use) and perceived general health, perceived psychological wellbeing and having a healthy weight respectively. The presented OR‟s may be interpreted as the likelihood of an average person in our dataset to have a better perceived health or body weight when choosing active transport (either bicycling or walking) over using the car for trips up to 7.5 km. Results: Cycling was found to be significantly associated with a better perceived general health (OR=1.35, 95%CI:1.07-1.70) and having a healthy body weight (OR=1.52,95%CI:1.28-1.79), but not with a better perceived psychological wellbeing (OR=1.12, 95%CI:0.93-1.34). Walking was found to be significantly associated with having a healthy body weight (OR=1.35, 95%CI:1.09-1.69), but not with a better perceived general (OR=1.12,95%CI:0.84-1.51) or psychological wellbeing (OR=0.85, 95%CI:0.67-1.08). Conclusion: Our results suggest that active transport use has been associated with a better perceived general health and a healthy body weight. However, more research is needed to be able to elucidate which factors cause this better health. No associations were observed between transport choice and perceived psychological wellbeing.
Notes: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. Corresponding author: C.E. Scheepers Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands Tel.: +31 30 274 3312, Fax.: +31 30 274 4407, Email:
Keywords: transport choice; perceived general health; psychological wellbeing; mental health; cycling; walking; healthy weight
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ISSN: 0091-7435
e-ISSN: 1096-0260
DOI: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.09.013
Rights: Under a Creative Commons license
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: vabb 2017
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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