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Title: Effect evaluation of an oral health promotion intervention in preschool children
Authors: Van den Branden, Sigrid
Van den Broucke, Stephan
Leroy, Roos
Declerck, Dominique
Hoppenbrouwers, Karel
Issue Date: 2014
Source: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 24(6), p. 893-898
Abstract: Objective. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a multi-component oral health intervention in preschool children in a non-randomized intervention study with a complementary baseline control. Methods. Participants in the main study were 2137 children born between October 2003 and July 2004 in Flanders, Belgium. In the intervention group (50.5% of participants), an oral health education program was added to a standard preventive care program during the first 3 years of life. Oral health examinations were performed by trained dentists when the children were 3 (2007) and 5 (2009) years old. Data on dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and dental attendance were obtained through structured questionnaires. Regression analyses were applied to compare the results of the intervention and control group with baseline measurements obtained before the intervention (2003) in other cohorts of 3-(N = 1291) and 5-year-olds (N = 1325) living in the same regions. Results. The prevalence of caries experience was generally lower in the main study compared with the baseline cohorts, with little differences between the intervention and control group. For the oral health-related behaviours, the control group scored mostly better. Nevertheless, compared with baseline, limited differences were observed in dental attendance, tooth brushing, helping with tooth brushing and consuming in-between drinks (P < 0.05). Conclusion. The study illustrates that a multi-component, theory-based intervention at community level had only a limited and temporary effect on oral health-related behaviours in the community under study. Further research is needed to determine how oral health in young children can be improved in the long term.
Notes: [Van den Branden, Sigrid; Hoppenbrouwers, Karel] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Ctr Youth Hlth Care, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Van den Broucke, Stephan] Catholic Univ Louvain, Psychol Sci Res Inst, B-1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium. [Leroy, Roos; Declerck, Dominique] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Oral Hlth Sci, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Leroy, Roos; Declerck, Dominique] Univ Hosp Leuven, Dept Dent, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Bogaerts, Kris] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Interuniv Inst Biostat & Stat Bioinformat I BioSt, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Bogaerts, Kris] UHasselt, B-3500 Hasselt, Belgium.
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ISSN: 1101-1262
e-ISSN: 1464-360X
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckt204
ISI #: 000345893200008
Rights: © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2016
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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