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Title: Agricultural outsourcing or land grabbing: a meta-analysis
Authors: Vandergeten, Erika
AZADI, Hossein 
Teklemariam, Dereje
Nyssen, Jan
Witlox, Frank
Vanhaute, Eric
Issue Date: 2016
Source: LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY, 31(7), p. 1395-1417
Abstract: Context The phenomenon of known as ‘land grabbing’ is not a new process. Especially, since the 1990s, some capital-rich countries have started to buy or lease foreign lands to be able to produce food and biofuels. Objectives This article aimed at investigating the (un)sustainability of ‘transnational land deals’ (TLDs) for investors, host governments and local communities. Given the three dimensions of sustainability, the ‘‘social acceptability’’, ‘‘economic viability’’ and ‘‘environmental conservation’’ of the TLDs have been studied. Methods To understand whether and to what extent the TLD is sustainable in each dimension a metaanalysis was conducted on 73 journal articles. Results Results showed that tenure arrangements and livelihoods were the main drivers for the matter’s social acceptability. Accordingly, local communities are affected by losing and receiving little or no compensation for their land, and making them have to face the increasing vulnerability of their livelihoods. This results in a win–win–loss situation for investors, host governments and local communities, respectively. Economic (un)sustainability mainly depends on capital flow, infrastructure and employment. This aspect is evidenced as a win for investors and host governments and implies the aforementioned win–win–loss situation. The main aspects of environmental (un)sustainability are considered as biodiversity, ecosystem services, and climate change. Conclusions According to the results, both host governments and local communities experience loss. This results in a win–loss–loss status of the TLDs. The major challenge remains in establishing good land governance, which can guarantee the benefits to local people and their access to land.
Keywords: transnational land deal; rural land use planning; agricultural investment; land investments; sustainable land use; land dispossession
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ISSN: 0921-2973
e-ISSN: 1572-9761
DOI: 10.1007/s10980-016-0365-y
ISI #: 000382906500001
Rights: (c) Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2017
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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