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Title: Trends and Factors of Mental Illness: The Case of Psychiatry Ward in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia
Authors: Worku, Berhanu Nigussie 
Shiferaw, Solomon
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Rey, Joseph M. (Ed.). IACAPAP 21st World Congress Abstracts,p. 135-135
Series/Report: Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health
Series/Report no.: 39
Abstract: Objective: The main objective of this study was to investigate the trends and factors of mental illness of psychiatric patients in the psychiatry Ward of Jimma University Specialized Hospital. Methods: Purposive sampling technique was used to select the participants of the study. Accordingly, 636 patients' cards were analyzed. Moreover, 55 psychiatric patients, 56 care givers and 13 psychiatric ward staff were involved in the study. The instruments designed to obtain data were observation check list, document analysis form, and semi-structured interview guide. The collected data were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. More importantly, the study was ethically cleared by Institutional Ethical Review Board. Results: The results of the study revealed that schizophrenia, major depression disorder, brief psychosis and anxiety disorder respectively were the frequent mental illnesses in the ward, by looking into the patients’ documents of 51/2 years. These disorders generally attacked the productive age group (20 to 30 years of age), the major reasons of which could be attributed to drug use (mostly ‘Khat’), stress caused by academic failure, joblessness, and lack of youth friendly recreation areas. In addition, the findings showed that the trends of the mental illnesses in the ward were increasing. The results of the study also revealed that drug default, substance use, economic problem, family conflicts, divorce, loss of family members, poor social support, stigma and discrimination and repeated chronic illness were the major aggravating factors of mental illnesses in Jimma areas in particular. Conclusions: The alarmingly increasing number of psychiatric patients, due to varies factors, need serious attention. In addition to aggressively working on awareness creation and sensitization, quality services should be provided to patients who are visiting the ward.
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Category: C1
Type: Proceedings Paper
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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