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Title: Development, Social-Emotional Behavior and Resilience of Orphaned Children in a Family-Oriented Setting
Authors: WORKU, Berhanu Nigussie 
ABESSA, Teklu Gemechu 
FRANSSEN, Evelien 
Kolsteren, Patrick
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27(2), p. 465-474
Abstract: SOS children’s villages take care of orphaned or abandoned children who are likely to suffer from multiple psychosocial problems. Nevertheless, much is not known about the developmental, social-emotional, nutritional and resilience status of young SOS children (SOSc) living in poor settings of developing countries such as Ethiopia. The present study examined the developmental, social-emotional, nutritional and resilience status of SOSc in Jimma town of Ethiopia. In total, we selected 62 children (3.5-71.8 months of age; 32 boys and 30 girls) and tested for their personal-social, language, fine and gross motor development with the culturally adapted and standardized developmental screening tool, Denver II-Jimma; and their social-emotional behavior with the Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE). We compared their outcomes to 62 age- and sex- matched family-reared children. To estimate the nutritional status of all children, we followed the WHO child growth standards. We used an interview guide to investigate resilience of the children. SOSc performed significantly poorer on language (p < 0.001, effect size (es) = 0.957), gross motor (p < 0.001, es = 0.879) and social-emotional (p < 0.001, es = 1.220) outcomes. Twenty-two (35.5%) of SOSc were undernourished and 17 (77.30%) of them were stunted. SOSc demonstrated resilient behavior, and child, SOS family and community characteristics were the major protective factors which enabled them to thrive in spite of the loss of their parents. Early intervention focusing on language, gross motor and social-emotional skills may be particularly beneficial to support children in SOS villages.
Notes: Worku, BN (reprint author), Jimma Univ, Dept Psychol, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Keywords: Comparative analysis; development; orphaned children; resilience; social-emotional behavior
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ISSN: 1062-1024
e-ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI: 10.1007/s10826-017-0908-0
ISI #: 000424217300012
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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