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Title: Perspective: Consideration of Values When Setting Priorities in Nutrition Research: Guidance for Transparency
Authors: Hawwash, Dana
Verstraeten, Roosmarijn
Kolsteren, Patrick
Lachat, Carl
Issue Date: 2018
Source: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION, 9(6), p. 671-687
Abstract: Nutrition research can guide interventions to tackle the burden of diet-related diseases. Setting priorities in nutrition research, however, requires the engagement of various stakeholders with diverse insights. Consideration of what matters most in research from a scientific, social, and ethical perspective is therefore not an automatic process. Systematic ways to explicitly define and consider relevant values are largely lacking. Here, we review existing nutrition research priority-setting exercises, analyze how values are reported, and provide guidance for transparent consideration of values while setting priorities in nutrition research. Of the 27 (n=22 peer-reviewed manuscripts and 5 grey literature documents) studies reviewed, 40.7% used a combination of different methods, 59.3% described the represented stakeholders, and 49.1% reported on follow-up activities. All priority-setting exercises were led by research groups based in high-income countries. Via an iterative qualitative content analysis, reported values were identified (n = 22 manuscripts). Three clusters of values (i.e., those related to impact, feasibility, and accountability) were identified. These values were organized in a tool to help those involved in setting research priorities systematically consider and report values. The tool was finalized through an online consultation with 7 international stakeholders. The value-oriented tool for priority setting in nutrition research identifies and presents values that are already implicitly and explicitly represented in priority-setting exercises. It provides guidance to enable explicit deliberation on research priorities from an ethical perspective. In addition, it can serve as a reporting tool to document how value-laden choices are made during priority setting and help foster the accountability of stakeholders involved.
Notes: [Hawwash, Dana; Kolsteren, Patrick; Lachat, Carl] Univ Ghent, Dept Food Technol Safety & Hlth, Ghent, Belgium. [Pinxten, Wim; Bonn, Noemie Aubert] Hasselt Univ, Fac Med & Life Sci, Hasselt, Belgium.
Keywords: nutrition; priority setting; values; guidance; tool; ethics;nutrition; priority setting; values; guidance; tool; ethics
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ISSN: 2161-8313
e-ISSN: 2156-5376
DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmy039
ISI #: 000450794300002
Rights: 2018 American Society for Nutrition. All rights reserved.
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2019
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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