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|Title:||Microplastics in coastal areas and seafood: implications for food safety||Authors:||Hantoro, Inneke
Lohr, Ansje J.
VAN BELLEGHEM, Frank
Ragas, Ad M. J.
|Issue Date:||2019||Publisher:||TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD||Source:||FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT, 36(5), p. 674-711||Abstract:||Microplastics have become ubiquitous in the marine environment. Microplastics have been detected in many coastal environments and species, including commercial seafood. This triggers concern about potential economic impacts and the risks of dietary exposure, especially for coastal communities. However, data regarding the levels of microplastics in coastal seafood and their toxicological effects are still limited. Accordingly, the dietary risk is still poorly explored. This review summarizes and discusses recent scientific findings on (i) the presence of microplastics in coastal waters, (ii) the occurrence of microplastics in coastal seafood and the likelihood of trophic transfer, and (iii) the effects of microplastics on coastal fish and shellfish species. Human toxicity data are also reviewed, but the risks for human health are difficult to determine due to limited data. Based on available worldwide data, the estimation of microplastics intake through seafood consumption shows a huge variation. Additionally, a lack of standardized analytical methods complicates the comparison of results between studies and therefore seriously affects the reliability of risk assessments. It is concluded that more exposure and toxicity data are needed properly to assess human health risks of microplastics in coastal seafood, and the lack of data currently impede the derivation of a risk-based food safety standard. The pros and cons of an interim solution, i.e. setting a provisional action level, are being discussed.||Notes:||[Hantoro, Inneke; Widianarko, Budi] Soegijapranata Catholic Univ, Dept Food Technol, Fac Agr Technol, Semarang, Indonesia. [Hantoro, Inneke; Lohr, Ansje J.; Van Belleghem, Frank G. A. J.; Ragas, Ad M. J.] Open Univ Netherlands, Dept Sci, Fac Management Sci & Technol, Heerlen, Netherlands. [Van Belleghem, Frank G. A. J.] Hasselt Univ, Dept Biol, Ctr Environm Sci, Hasselt, Belgium. [Ragas, Ad M. J.] Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Environm Sci, Inst Water & Wetland Res, Nijmegen, Netherlands.||Keywords:||Microplastics; coastal seafood species; trophic transfer; food safety;Microplastics; coastal seafood species; trophic transfer; food safety||Document URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/1942/29612||ISSN:||1944-0049||e-ISSN:||1944-0057||DOI:||10.1080/19440049.2019.1585581||ISI #:||000471584400002||Rights:||2019 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.||Category:||A1||Type:||Journal Contribution||Validations:||ecoom 2020|
|Appears in Collections:||Research publications|
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