Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3152
Title: Electrical field induced ageing of polymer light-emitting diodes in an oxygen-rich atmosphere studied by emission microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and secondary ion mass spectroscopy
Authors: Bijnens, W
De Wolf, I
MANCA, Jean 
D'HAEN, Jan 
WU, Ting-Di
D'OLIESLAEGER, Marc 
Beyne, E
KIEBOOMS, Rafael
VANDERZANDE, Dirk 
GELAN, Jan 
DE CEUNINCK, Ward 
DE SCHEPPER, Luc 
STALS, Lambert 
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Source: SYNTHETIC METALS, 96(2). p. 87-96
Abstract: Polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) made with poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) using a non-ionic precursor route with indium-tin oxide (ITO) as anode and Al as cathode have been examined during continuous electrical stress in an oxygen-rich atmosphere. Three distinct regions in the time evolution of the equivalent electrical resistance and the light output of PLEDs are identified. Various electrical and analytical measurement results are presented to explain the main failure mechanisms. The most severe degradation mode can be identified as dielectric breakdown, resulting in 'hot spots' and ohmic leakage paths. The inhibition of the ohmic path formation by oxidation under ambient conditions results in a local delamination of the electrode, shrinking the active area of the device. This loss of active area caused by these oxidative burn-outs can clearly be observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and is consistent with secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) results. Emission microscopy (EMMI) inspection provides evidence for electric field induced ageing at defects present in the device. These defects are already present in the as-produced samples, e.g. particle impurities, interface roughness and structural weakness (edges of the Al electrodes). (C) 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.
Notes: Inst Mat Res, Div Chem, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. IMEC, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium. Inst Mat Res, Div Mat Phys, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.Bijnens, W, Inst Mat Res, Div Chem, Univ Campus Gebouw D, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.
Keywords: spin casting; electroluminescence; metal/semiconductor interfaces; poly(phenylene vinylene) and derivatives; light sources
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3152
DOI: 10.1016/S0379-6779(98)00057-5
ISI #: 000075725000001
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 1999
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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