Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/4117
Title: Study of the decomposition of aqueous citratoperoxo-Ti(IV)-gel precursors for titania by means of TGA-MS and FTIR
Authors: TRUIJEN, Ine 
HARDY, An 
VAN BAEL, Marlies 
VAN DEN RUL, Heidi 
MULLENS, Jules 
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Source: THERMOCHIMICA ACTA, 456(1). p. 38-47
Abstract: An aqueous solution-gel route is developed for the preparation of TiO2. In this report, we study an aqueous citratoperoxo-Ti(IV)-precursor at pH 2.0, which is compatible with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and therefore can be applied for the preparation of a thick mesoporous TiO2 film. With regard to deposition of films, it is important to gain insight in the behaviour of the precursor during thermal treatment. Therefore, the thermal decomposition mechanism of a citratoperoxo-Ti(IV)-gel and a PVA modified citratoperoxo-Ti(IV)-gel is studied. Weight losses and evolved gasses are characterized by TGA-MS (5 degrees C min(-1)), while gel structure and changes in the solid upon heating are studied by means of FTIR. For both gels, decomposition in dry air can be divided into five regions. After drying of the samples in the first region (similar to 100 degrees C), decomposition of the organic matter not coordinated to the metal ions occurs (similar to 200 degrees C). The third region (similar to 310 degrees C) involves the decomposition of citrato ligands. Finally, the residual organic matter is combusted in the last two regions. Only in dry air it is possible to fully remove the organic matrix in both gels at temperatures below 600 degrees C. It is also proven that the citratoperoxo-Ti(IV)-complexes, seen at pH 7.0, exist in the precursor gel already at pH 2.0. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: Hasselt Univ, Inst Mat Res, Lab Inorgan & Phys Chem, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. IMEC Vzw, Div IMOMEC, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.MULLENS, J, Hasselt Univ, Inst Mat Res, Lab Inorgan & Phys Chem, Agoralaan Bldg D, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.ine.truijen@uhasselt.be an.hardy@uhasselt.be marlies.vanbael@uhasselt.be heidi.vandenrul@uhasselt.be jules.mullens@uhasselt.be
Keywords: aqueous solution-gel method; PVA; thermal decomposition; TiO2; TGA-EGA; FTIR
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/4117
ISSN: 0040-6031
e-ISSN: 1872-762X
DOI: 10.1016/j.tca.2007.01.032
ISI #: 000245838700007
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2008
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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