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Title: Creating a Composite Road Safety Performance Index by a Hierarchical Fuzzy TOPSIS Approach
Authors: BAO, Qiong 
SHEN, Yongjun 
Issue Date: 2010
Source: IEEE Proceedings of the ISKE2010 Conference, p. 458-462
Abstract: With the increasing public awareness of the complexity of road safety phenomenon, much more detailed aspects of crash and injury causation rather than only crash data (e.g., the number of road fatalities) are extensively investigated in the current road safety research. Safety performance indicators (SPIs), which are causally related to the number of crashes or to the injury consequences of a crash, are thus rapidly developed and increasingly used. Furthermore, to measure the multidimensional concept of road safety which cannot be captured by a single indicator, the exploration of a composite road safety performance index is attractive and desirable. This study proposes a hierarchical fuzzy TOPSIS method to combine the multilayer SPIs into one overall index by incorporating experts’ opinions. Using the number of road fatalities per million inhabitants as a relevant point of reference, the proposed method has proven valuable as an alternative way in creating a composite road safety performance index for a set of European countries. Meanwhile, it effectively handles experts' linguistic expressions instead of crisp values and takes the layered hierarchy of the indicators into account which is seldom considered in the current index research.
Keywords: road safety performance indicators; composite index; multi-criteria decision making; TOPSIS; fuzzy set theory; hierarchical structure
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ISBN: 978-1-4244-6790-7
DOI: 10.1109/ISKE.2010.5680828
Category: C1
Type: Proceedings Paper
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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