Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1593
Title: Ultrananocrystalline diamond for electronic applications
Authors: WILLIAMS, Oliver 
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Institute of Physics
Source: SEMICONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 21(8). p. R49-R56
Abstract: Ultrananocrystalline diamond is a unique form of carbon with grain sizes in the 3-5 nm region. This nanostructure has profound implications on electronic transport, as ~10% of carbon is at the grain boundaries. Thus, this material has significant π bonding which governs the majority of the electrical conductivity due to the lower energy gap of π-π* transitions relative to σ-σ* transitions. The addition of nitrogen into the gas phase during deposition promotes n-type conductivity, due to the increase in the density of states associated with π bonding. This material is not doped in the conventional sense, and its applications lie in the electrode/metallic conductivity region rather than in the more moderately doped active device regime. This review paper aims to describe the origin and behaviour of the conductivity mechanism, as well as briefly review some applications.
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1593
ISSN: 0268-1242
e-ISSN: 1361-6641
DOI: 10.1088/0268-1242/21/8/R01
ISI #: 000240123100001
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2007
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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