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Title: Using the Moon as a high-fidelity analogue environment to study biological and behavioral effects of long-duration space exploration
Authors: Goswami, Nandu
Roma, Peter G.
DE BOEVER, Patrick 
Clement, Gilles
Hargens, Alan R.
Loeppky, Jack A.
Evans, Joyce M.
Stein, T. Peter
Blaber, Andrew P.
Van Loon, Jack J. W. A.
Mano, Tadaaki
Iwase, Satoshi
Reitz, Guenther
Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut G.
Issue Date: 2012
Source: PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE, 74 (1), p. 111-120
Abstract: Due to its proximity to Earth, the Moon is a promising candidate for the location of an extra-terrestrial human colony. In addition to being a high-fidelity platform for research on reduced gravity, radiation risk, and circadian disruption, the Moon qualifies as an isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environment suitable as an analog for studying the psychosocial effects of long-duration human space exploration missions and understanding these processes. In contrast, the various Antarctic research outposts such as Concordia and McMurdo serve as valuable platforms for studying biobehavioral adaptations to ICE environments, but are still Earth-bound, and thus lack the low-gravity and radiation risks of space. The International Space Station (ISS), itself now considered an analog environment for long-duration missions, better approximates the habitable infrastructure limitations of a lunar colony than most Antarctic settlements in an altered gravity setting. However, the ISS is still protected against cosmic radiation by the Earth magnetic field, which prevents high exposures due to solar particle events and reduces exposures to galactic cosmic radiation. On Moon the ICE environments are strengthened, radiations of all energies are present capable of inducing performance degradation, as well as reduced gravity and lunar dust. The interaction of reduced gravity, radiation exposure, and ICE conditions may affect biology and behavior - and ultimately mission success - in ways the scientific and operational communities have yet to appreciate, therefore a long-term or permanent human presence on the Moon would ultimately provide invaluable high-fidelity opportunities for integrated multidisciplinary research and for preparations of a manned mission to Mars. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Goswami, Nandu; Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut G.] Med Univ Graz, Ctr Physiol Med, Inst Physiol, A-8010 Graz, Austria. [Roma, Peter G.] Inst Behav Resources, Baltimore, MD USA. [Roma, Peter G.] Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA. [De Boever, Patrick] Flemish Inst Technol Res VITO, Mol, Belgium. [De Boever, Patrick] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Clement, Gilles] Int Space Univ, Strasbourg, France. [Hargens, Alan R.] Univ Calif San Diego, San Diego, CA 92103 USA. [Loeppky, Jack A.] Vet Affairs Med Ctr, Albuquerque, NM USA. [Evans, Joyce M.] Univ Kentucky, Ctr Biomed Engn, Lexington, KY 40506 USA. [Stein, T. Peter] Univ Med & Dent New Jersey, Dept Surg, Stratford, NJ USA. [Blaber, Andrew P.] Simon Fraser Univ, Dept Biomed Physiol & Kinesiol, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada. [Van Loon, Jack J. W. A.] Vrije Univ Amsterdam, ACTA, Amsterdam, Netherlands. [Mano, Tadaaki] Gifu Univ Med Sci, Gifu, Japan. [Iwase, Satoshi] Aichi Med Univ, Aichi, Japan. [Reitz, Guenther] Deutsch Zentrum Luft & Raumfahrt DLR, Inst Luft & Raumfahrtmed, D-51147 Cologne, Germany.
Keywords: Physiology; Orthostatic tolerance; Muscle deconditioning; Behavioral health; Psychosocial adaptation; Radiation; Lunar dust; Genes; Proteomics;Astronomy & Astrophysics
Document URI:
ISSN: 0032-0633
e-ISSN: 1873-5088
DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2012.07.030
ISI #: 000313385600012
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2014
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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