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Title: Detecting urban road network accessibility problems using taxi GPS data
Authors: Cui, J.
LIU, Feng 
An, S.
WETS, Geert 
COOLS, Mario 
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Journal of Transport Geography, 51, p. 147-157
Abstract: Urban population growth and economic development have led to the creation of new communities, jobs and services at places where the existing road network might not cover or efficiently handle traffic. This generates isolated pockets of areas which are difficult to reach through the transport system. To address this accessibility problem, we have developed a novel approach to systematically examine the current urban land use and road network conditions as well as to identify poorly connected regions, using GPS data collected from taxis. This method is composed of four major steps. First, city-wide passenger travel demand patterns and travel times are modeled based on GPS trajectories. Upon this model, high density residential regions are then identified, and measures to assess accessibility of each of these places are developed. Next, the regions with the lowest level of accessibility among all the residential areas are detected, and finally the detected regions are further examined and specific transport situations are analyzed. By applying the proposed method to the Chinese city of Harbin, we have identified 20 regions that have the lowest level of accessibility by car among all the identified residential areas. A serious reachability problem to petrol stations has also been discovered, in which drivers from 92.6% of the residential areas have to travel longer than 30 min to refill their cars. Furthermore, the comparison against a baseline model reveals the capacity of the derived measures in accounting for the actual travel routes under divergent traffic conditions. The experimental results demonstrate the potential and effectiveness of the proposed method in detecting car-based accessibility problems, contributing towards the development of urban road networks into a system that has better reachability and more reduced inequity.
Notes: Corresponding author. Tel: +32 11269125 fax: +32 11269199. E-mail addresses: (J. Cui), (F. Liu), (D. Janssens), (S. An), (G. Wets), (M. Cools).
Keywords: accessibility; travel demand; travel times; taxi GPS data
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ISSN: 0966-6923
e-ISSN: 1873-1236
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.12.007
ISI #: 000375505200016
Rights: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2017
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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