Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||The reaction to hazards in young novice drivers with an autism spectrum disorder: a driving simulator study||Authors:||ROSS, Veerle
Ruiter, Robert A. C.
|Issue Date:||2017||Source:||Proceedings of the 7th International Road Safety and Simulation||Abstract:||Background. A driving skill that has been directly related to traffic safety is the ability to perceive and respond to hazards. The current paper focusses on the latter skill, the reaction to hazards. In order to recognize possible hazardous situations and predict how they might develop, it is necessary to use the given context to construct meaning. People with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) however are considered to lack contextual sensitivity, described as ‘context blindness’; therefore, novice drivers with ASD might be less able to use contextual information to predict what will happen next. Moreover, hazard perception could be related to working memory, which allows to maintain and manipulate information in mind. Method. The current driving simulator study aimed to compare the reaction to hazards of young novice drivers with ASD (n=19) to a control group of neurotypical young novice drivers (n=21) and investigated the relation between working memory and hazard reaction. Three hazard types were included, behavioral prediction, environmental prediction, and dividing and focusing hazards. Results and conclusion. The results indicated little differences between the reactions to hazards for both groups, indicating that the ASD group was able to use contextual information in predicting subsequent events. The few differences between groups were related to working memory capacity. With low working memory capacity, the control group needed more time to brake to the EP hazards than the ASD group. With high working memory capacity, the control group showed a more abrupt speed change towards DF hazards when compared to the ASD group. More research is called for, including more ecological validity (e.g., eye-tracking, distractors, and more hazards per category) and multiple cognitive measures.||Keywords:||driving simulation; autism spectrum disorders; road hazards; working memory||Document URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/1942/25123||Category:||C2||Type:||Proceedings Paper|
|Appears in Collections:||Research publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
|RSS2017_Review_Ross et al. 2017_HP and ASD_final (1).pdf|
|Peer-reviewed author version||563.67 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open Request a copy|
checked on Jul 15, 2022
checked on Jul 15, 2022
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.