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dc.contributor.authorBRINGEDAL, Carina-
dc.contributor.authorEldevik, Tor-
dc.contributor.authorSkagseth, Øystein-
dc.contributor.authorSpall, Michael A.-
dc.contributor.authorØsterhus, Svein-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of climate, 31 (24), p. 9881-9901-
dc.description.abstractThe Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and associated poleward heat transport are balanced by northern heat loss to the atmosphere and corresponding water mass transformation. The circulation of northwards flowing Atlantic Water in the surface and returning Overflow Water at depth is particularly manifested - and observed - at the Greenland-Scotland Ridge where the water masses are guided through narrow straits. There is however a rich variability in the exchange of water masses across the ridge on all time scales. Focusing on seasonal and interannual time scales, and particularly the gateways of the Denmark Strait and between Faroe Islands and Shetland, we specifically assess to what extent the exchanges of water masses across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge relate to wind forcing. On seasonal time scales, the variance explained of the observed exchanges can largely be related to large scale wind patterns, and a conceptual model shows how this wind forcing can manifest via a barotropic, cyclonic circulation. On interannual time scales the wind stress impact is less direct as baroclinic mechanisms gain importance and observations indicate a shift in the overflows from being more barotropicly to more baroclinically forced during the observation period. Overall, the observed Greenland-Scotland Ridge exchanges reflect a horizontal (cyclonic) circulation on seasonal time scales, while the interannual variability more represents an overturning circulation-
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the Research Council of Norway project NORTH (Grant 229763). Additional support for M. A. Spall was provided by National Science Foundation Grant OCE-1558742, for T. Eldevik and S. Osterhus by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program project Blue-Action (Grant 727852), and for S. Osterhus by the European Framework Programs under Grant Agreement 308299 (NACLIM). The authors thank the NACLIM consortium for accessing GSR volume transport and hydrography data. The data on which this research is based belong to the NACLIM consortium, to the teams led by B. Berx at Marine Scotland (FSC inflow), by B. Hansen and K. M. H. Larsen at Havstovan (FC inflow and FBCoverflow), by S. Jonsson and H. Valdimarsson at Hafrannsoknastofnunin (DS inflow and Kogur hydrography), and by D. Quadfasel and K. Jochumsen at Universitat Hamburg (DS overflow). These data have been collected thanks to the funding provided by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7 2007-13), under Grant Agreement 308299 ( study has been conducted using EU Copernicus Marine Service Information.-
dc.titleStructure and forcing of observed exchanges across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge-
dc.typeJournal Contribution-
dc.description.notesBringedal, C (reprint author), Univ Bergen, Inst Geophys, Bergen, Norway.
local.bibliographicCitation.statusEarly View-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.accessRightsOpen Access-
item.contributorSpall, Michael A.-
item.contributorBRINGEDAL, Carina-
item.contributorEldevik, Tor-
item.contributorØsterhus, Svein-
item.contributorSkagseth, Øystein-
item.fullcitationBRINGEDAL, Carina; Eldevik, Tor; Skagseth, Øystein; Spall, Michael A. & Østerhus, Svein (2018) Structure and forcing of observed exchanges across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge. In: Journal of climate, 31 (24), p. 9881-9901.-
item.validationecoom 2019-
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