Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9771
Title: Differences in metal sequestration between zebra mussels from clean and polluted field locations
Authors: Voets, Judith
STEEN REDEKER, Erik 
Blust, Ronny
Bervoets, Lieven
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Source: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY, 93(1). p. 53-60
Abstract: Organisms are able to detoxify accumulated metals by, e.g. binding them to metallothionein (MT) and/or sequestering them in metal-rich granules (MRG). The different factors involved in determining the capacity or efficiency with which metals are detoxified are not yet known. In this work we studied how the sub-cellular distribution pattern of cadmium, copper and zinc in whole tissue of zebra mussels from clean and polluted surface waters is influenced by the total accumulated metal concentration and by its physiological condition. Additionally we measured the metallothionein concentration in the mussel tissue. Metal concentration increased gradually in the metal-sensitive and detoxified sub-cellular fractions with increasing whole tissue concentrations. However, metal concentrations in the sensitive fractions did not increase to the same extent as metal concentrations in whole tissues. In more polluted mussels the contribution of MRG and MT became more important. Nevertheless, metal detoxification was not sufficient to prevent metal binding to heat-sensitive low molecular weight proteins (HDP fraction). Finally we found an indication that metal detoxification was influenced by the condition of the zebra mussels. MT content could be explained for up to 83% by variations in Zn concentration and physiological condition of the mussels. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Voets, Judith; Redeker, Erik Steen; Blust, Ronny; Bervoets, Lieven] Univ Antwerp, Dept Biol, Lab Ecophysiol Biochem & Toxicol, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium. [Redeker, Erik Steen] Hasselt Univ, Div Chem, Inst Mat Res, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.
Keywords: Zebra mussel; Fractionation; Metallothionein; Cadmium; Copper; Zinc
Document URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9771
ISSN: 0166-445X
e-ISSN: 1879-1514
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2009.03.006
ISI #: 000267717800007
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2010
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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