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Title: Interferon-gamma-induced Ca2+-influx in T lymphocytes of Multiple Sclerosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis patients: A complementary mechanism for T cell activation?
Authors: BUNTINX, Mieke 
AMELOOT, Marcel 
RAUS, Jef 
Issue Date: 2001
Source: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, 113, p. B5-B5
Abstract: Autoreactive T lymphocytes are considered to play a crucial role in orchestrating an immunopathological cascade that culminates in damage to the myelin sheath, oligodendrocytes and axons in the central nervous system (CNS) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Autoreactive T cells may also initiate a chronic inflammation in the joints of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. However, autoreactive T cells appear to be only a small component of this immune infiltrate. It has been suggested that the majority of T cells are nonspecifically recruited into the CNS of MS patients and into the inflamed joint of RA patients. The mechanisms underlying the peripheral activation of non-autoantigen specific T cells in MS and RA and their clinical relevance remain however largely unknown. Several lines of evidence indicate that interferon-gamma (IFN-g) may play an important role in the pathogenesis of MS and RA. Here, we have studied whether T cells from patients with autoimmune diseases are more susceptible to T cell activation in the presence of IFN-g. We studied the effects of IFN-g on Ca2+-release from intracellular stores and Ca2+-influx from the extracellular environment in peripheral blood T cells from MS and RA patients, patients with common viral infections (flu-like symptoms) and healthy donors. Fluorescence imaging microscopy was used to monitor the intracellular [Ca2+]i signal in individual T cells. Our results indicate that IFN-g mediates a sustained elevated [Ca2+]i in T cells of (active) MS and RA patients as compared to healthy controls and flu patients. Furthermore, no [Ca2+]i increase was observed in Ca2+-free medium, excluding an effect of IFN-g on Ca2+-release from intracellular stores. Although this IFN-g-activated Ca2+-influx seems to be insufficient to induce T cell proliferation in vitro, our data indicate that proliferation in response to suboptimal doses of phytohemagglutine can significantly be augmented in the presence of IFN-g. This study suggests that the Ca2+-influx stimulated by IFN-g can act as a complementary mechanism in the activation of non-autoantigen specific T cells in the blood of patients affected by autoimmune disorders as MS and RA.
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ISSN: 1381-3455
e-ISSN: 1744-4160
Category: A3
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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