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Title: Structure and forcing of observed exchanges across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge
Authors: BRINGEDAL, Carina 
Eldevik, Tor
Skagseth, Øystein
Spall, Michael A.
Østerhus, Svein
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Journal of climate, 31 (24), p. 9881-9901
Status: Early View
Abstract: The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and associated poleward heat transport are balanced by northern heat loss to the atmosphere and corresponding water mass transformation. The circulation of northwards flowing Atlantic Water in the surface and returning Overflow Water at depth is particularly manifested - and observed - at the Greenland-Scotland Ridge where the water masses are guided through narrow straits. There is however a rich variability in the exchange of water masses across the ridge on all time scales. Focusing on seasonal and interannual time scales, and particularly the gateways of the Denmark Strait and between Faroe Islands and Shetland, we specifically assess to what extent the exchanges of water masses across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge relate to wind forcing. On seasonal time scales, the variance explained of the observed exchanges can largely be related to large scale wind patterns, and a conceptual model shows how this wind forcing can manifest via a barotropic, cyclonic circulation. On interannual time scales the wind stress impact is less direct as baroclinic mechanisms gain importance and observations indicate a shift in the overflows from being more barotropicly to more baroclinically forced during the observation period. Overall, the observed Greenland-Scotland Ridge exchanges reflect a horizontal (cyclonic) circulation on seasonal time scales, while the interannual variability more represents an overturning circulation
Notes: Bringedal, C (reprint author), Univ Bergen, Inst Geophys, Bergen, Norway.
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ISSN: 0894-8755
e-ISSN: 1520-0442
DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0889.1
ISI #: 000450407600006
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2019
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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