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Title: The impact of representation media on customer engagement in tourism marketing among millennials
Authors: WILLEMS, Kim 
BRENGMAN, Malaika 
Van Kerrebroeck, Helena
Issue Date: 2019
Source: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MARKETING, 53(9), p. 1988-2017
Abstract: Purpose As online travel marketing is evermore gaining importance, in particular regarding the pre-purchase presentation of travel destinations, it is imperative to examine how various media can engage consumers. The purpose of this paper is to identify how three prominent virtual representation media in tourism marketing differ regarding their potential in engaging customers. In particular, the authors examine whether they differ in the levels of interactivity, vividness and telepresence they elicit; and the impact of these dimensions on flow, enjoyment and online purchase intentions. The authors hereby focus specifically on millennials, who represent an important target market for the travel industry and are hard to reach via traditional media. Design/methodology/approach This study presents a between-subjects experimental design comparing three virtual representation media portraying New York City, namely, photographs, 360 degrees video and virtual reality (VR). The findings are analysed with ANCOVA analysis and PLS path modelling. Findings The findings reveal that various media indeed generate different levels of customer engagement. In particular, VR scores the highest on all dimensions, with interactivity having the largest effect on consumers' perception of telepresence. Such higher levels of telepresence in turn positively affect purchase intentions via mediation through flow and enjoyment. Originality/value This study identifies interactivity as the most important driver for consumers' perception of telepresence in the context of pre-travel tourism information. Moreover, the findings also reveal the mechanisms behind enhanced customer engagement via various media.
Notes: [Willems, Kim; Brengman, Malaika; Van Kerrebroeck, Helena] Vrije Univ Brussel, Dept Business, Fac Social Sci, Brussels, Belgium. [Willems, Kim; Brengman, Malaika; Van Kerrebroeck, Helena] Vrije Univ Brussel, Solvay Business Sch, Brussels, Belgium. [Willems, Kim] Hasselt Univ, Fac Business Econ, Dept Mkt & Strategy, Diepenbeek, Belgium.
Keywords: Telepresence; Virtual reality; Flow; Customer engagement; Enjoyment; Online travel purchase;Telepresence; Virtual reality; Flow; Customer engagement; Enjoyment; Online travel purchase
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ISSN: 0309-0566
e-ISSN: 1758-7123
DOI: 10.1108/EJM-10-2017-0793
ISI #: 000487034900014
Rights: Emerald Publishing Limited
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validations: ecoom 2020
Appears in Collections:Research publications

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